ORCID - Connecting Research and Researchers

Alice Meadows, Director of Community Engagement with ORCID is interviewed at the London Book Fair. Hear her thoughts on the future of scholarly publishing:


We work with scholarly publishers of all sizes. Standards, workflows, turnaround times---these are just a few of our favorite things.

Digital Solutions in India: A Publishers Weekly Report

Unfolding the Next Chapter in Digital Content Proposition

Publishers Weekly released its Digital Solutions in India report this week and it's no surprise that the big observations are

  • perpetual innovation and transformation are imperative
  • competitive advantages are, at best, fleeting

Continuous value creation and higher engagement—at lower cost and faster speed and with improved quality—is the key to business longevity.

These are the concepts that drive all aspects of our organization. The full report is available here and following are just some of our highlights:

Digital and Classroom Learning

Waseem Andrabi, senior director of global content services at Cenveo Publisher Services, says that “adaptive technology is set to become a transformative force as educators increasingly see it as an ally rather than an adversary. Virtual reality in education is the other juggernaut poised to take off in 2016. Whether it is taking a virtual trip near the North Pole to learn more about the aurora borealis or a visit to the chemical plant to witness a specific manufacturing process, virtual reality is going to make the educational experience truly ‘immersive.’ ”

Meanwhile, gamification will continue to gather momentum, and social learning is going to be the next big thing.

Building Accessibility and Efficacy in Education

Education specialists have raised issues and contributed ideas and innovations that will eventually have a broad impact across all publishing sectors, and accessibility is a hot topic. “EPub for Accessibility project, formerly known as EduPub, is an important part of this, and accessibility is no longer just about text-to-speech or audio access, but also to support alternate learning modes,” Andrabi says. “With this comes open annotation, or W3C specification, for personal accessibility on all Web-based technologies, as well as accessibility certification and testing. Publishers are realizing that it makes good business sense to offer content in as many ways as possible, including making it accessible.”

The Publisher's Office and The Design Studio

The creation of the Publisher’s Office has provided Cenveo and its clients with a unique opportunity and increased flexibility to interact and collaborate. “We provide a combination of process, automation, validation, and ongoing technical support for production and management of books, journals, and digital projects. In essence, we become an integrated extension of a publisher’s team,” marketing director Marianne Calilhanna says, adding that Cenveo’s end-to-end project management for pre-K–12, higher education, and STM publishers has grown tremendously in the past year.

More publishers have turned to the Design Studio to turn ideas into assets, whether they are simple concepts for art or entirely new digital products. “At the same time, Cenveo Publisher Suite, with tools such as Smart Edit and Smart Proof, is more popular than ever. One of our major journal clients has installed Cenveo Publisher Suite for its internal staff use, and that implementation has resulted in a formal training program, documentation, as well as a stronger product,” Calilhanna says. “This is a classic case where a larger and diverse user base further improves the software.”

Lunch & Learn: Discussing Hot Topics Over the Midday Meal

Then, there is the Lunch & Learn initiative, through which Calilhanna and her team bring together members of the publishing community to discuss important industry topics over lunch. “No sales pitches and no PowerPoint presentations here,” Calilhanna says. “This is lunch with passionate conversation on intricate and important topics that shape our industry. So far, we have talked about MathML, new journal publication models, and creative workflows. It has brought together leaders from the STM and educational publishing industry to network and learn from each other.” Two white papers, on NIMAS and MathML standards, respectively, were the results of this initiative, and are available from Cenveo’s website.

Customer Service

Increasingly, publishers are recognizing that “cheap is dear” and that great customer service is not only important to produce quality work but also makes the process enjoyable, Calilhanna says. “The proliferation of offshore vendors has brought pricing models down,” she adds. “While initially attractive, publishers are finding that thoughtfulness and editorial quality have been slipping away. With so much technology integrated into publishers’ workflows, it is easy to forget that human QA ensures premium editorial and production services. And this is why Cenveo, despite our technology-based processes, remains focused on hiring the best people to serve our clients.”





iPROSE: 40 Years of of Excellence in Scholarly Publishing

In 1976, the PSP Division of the Association of American Publishers (AAP) established the PSP Awards for Excellence, with the R.R. Hawkins Award as its top prize.  Recognizing the very best in professional and scholarly publishing, the PSP Awards sought to bring attention to distinguished works across a broad spectrum of scholarship. Now recognized as the PROSE Awards, PSP recently released an interactive digital publication honoring its rich 40-year history.

iPROSE: 40 Years of Excellence in Scholarly Publishing is available for free download via Cenveo Mobile (click here). This informative publication collects 40 years of lists and transforms them into a rich history presented in an informative and fun way. Videos, slide shows, audio recordings, and more are presented in the publication.

Read the press release to learn more. Get your free copy of iPROSE today from the App Store!

The creative team at Cenveo Publisher Services is exceptional. They conceptualized, designed and produced the digital edition. Now we have a digital product showcasing the best in scholarly publishing during the past 40 years.
— Kate Kolendo, project manager at the Association of American Publishers

How Readers Discover Content in Scholarly Publications: Evidence-Based Report From Simon Inger Consulting

Scholarly publishing consultants Tracy Gardner and Simon Inger recently published the report, "How Readers Discover Content in Scholarly Publications." This report should be required reading for those in the scholarly publishing industry! The result of an impressive large-scale survey of readers of scholarly publications (n=40,439) and their behavior in the discovery of journal articles and online books, this report provides a rich resource of user interaction and trends over 10 years.

Usage statistics and analytics gathered by publishers, libraries, and intermediaries provide a partial view of discovery behavior, but there are many gaps in the knowledge that these can provide. The authors fill these gaps by surveying readers about the tools they use in discovery and they combine data from earlier surveys conducted in 2012, 2008, and 2005. 


Findings are presented based on many useful demographics and attributes---academic sector, income classifications, geography, and much more. I know I will spend weeks reviewing the data provided in the extensive figures and tables.

For example, the following figure details the use of the publisher web site for delivery varies simply by income bracket, with most use being made from higher income countries.


Delivery sites, academic by income, 2015.


Check out the change in user behavior from 2012 to 2015 in terms of apps and discoverability:


Apps used to discover and read journal articles.


The number of people who do not have a phone that supports apps has decreased dramatically, only 18% of people now don’t have a smart phone compared with nearly 50% of people in 2012. Further data support that people in low and low/middle income countries are more likely to use apps to find and discover journal articles than those in high income countries.

***Report Spoiler***

The report from Simon Inger Consulting  provides hard data and evidence on publishing details on which you had a strong intuition.  For example, online book discovery is far less mature than that of journals. This is partly due to the fact that most online books are available in multiple silos, each with their own specific terms of use, rights management, and interface. Each silo comes with its own search engine, and the metadata that would allow for external discovery is not extensively shared with discovery partners. Most online book platforms seem to be seeking to own the discovery as well as the delivery which is in stark contrast to how journal publishers have grown to behave, where maximized external discovery is seen as key to their success.

Another factor may simply be that there is less money to be made in books publishing than journals publishing, and by extension in books discovery versus journals discovery. Major academic libraries spend much more money on journals than books, and have only recently
started to focus on significantly improving the findability of books in their online book collections.

Data and Analytical Tool

The full data from 2012 and 2015 are available for purchase. This is incredibly helpful for publishing organizations to demonstrate the value in publisher web sites as discovery sources. Libraries can justify investment in publications and reveal usage by country, sector, and subject. Technology providers (like us at Cenveo Publisher Services!) can use the data to demonstrate to publishers how important it is that content be everywhere it needs to be!

Observations of the ESL and ELT Publishing Sector

For educational publishers, ESL/ELT/World Language content and products are experiencing a surge as the industry grows with English Language Teaching a recognized global profession.  A few recent observations of this surge in ESL/ELT/World Language instruction include

  • ELT Journal published by Oxford Journals celebrated its 70th year in publication with the January 2016 issue
  • More than 4500 job opportunities are posted on LinkedIn related to ESL, ELT, or World Languages
  • Our globalized, Internet-connected world has resulted in accredited (and unaccredited) TEFL / TESOL courses springing up with increasingly competitive salaries advertised

Traditional publishers as well as non-traditional educational start-up companies are creating curricula to educate instructors and students with ESL. Cenveo Publisher Services recently completed two particularly noteworthy engagements worth mentioning:

National Geographic Learning: High-End ESL Production With Hybrid Workflow



World Class: Expanding English Fluency is a two-level series from National Geographic Learning (a division of Cengage Learning) for high-intermediate and advanced English language learners. This integrated-skills program uses National Geographic content, images, and video to help learners expand their overall fluency while developing the tools and strategies necessary for effective, real-world communication. National Geographic Learning recognized that a streamlined workflow solution was required to develop and produce the student book, assessment, teacher guide, and corresponding digital content in a cost-effective manner.


Cenveo Publisher Services developed creative page design templates for the World Class series and a streamlined workflow process to produce final content. A large collection of corresponding photography was managed and brought into a workflow that carefully aligned images with content. ESL subject matter experts copyedited and proofread the series under the direction of a senior project manager. Cengage Learning received regular reports on content and production status.


The team at Cenveo Publisher Services implemented a hybrid workflow solution, comprising onshore and off-shore resources. Working closely, project management and production were handled in New Delhi. Editorial tasks, including copyediting and proofreading, were handled by Cenveo’s onshore subject matter experts. Pages were drafted in India and a dedicated design team in Fort Washington, PA finalized the creative page design. Cenveo’s photo research team worked closely with the design and production teams to find appropriate photos for the program. Student texts, accompanying teacher editions, and ancillaries were produced simultaneously with a hybrid workflow solution that economized on both time and costs. Utilizing the strengths of each location at the right time in the content workflow resulted in a successful series.

The ESL specialists and production team at Cenveo Publisher Services were a key component of our World Class series’ success. The editorial and production staff took complete ownership of the production workflow and provided detailed reports to our team.
— Michael Burggren, Senior Director of Production, National Geographic Learning

GVE Online Education: Reinventing ESL Instruction With Innovative eLearning Solutions


Golden Voice English (GVE) Online Education has reinvented English as a Second Language (ESL) courses using innovative technology and elearning. Seeking a fresh and engaging way for children in China to learn fluent English, GVE created a web-based platform with curricula for grades 1 through 9. By transforming the method and delivery of English instruction, GVE brings to market a resource that provides interactivity, structured curriculum, and accessibility to fluent English speakers.

Unlike other English language elearning programs, GVEprovides a comprehensive curriculum that captivates students with animated lessons and interactive support from teachers in China and access to English-fluent tutors located in North America. Students gain self-confidence in their English language listening and speaking abilities. They can test their pronunciation and speaking skills by comparing their own voices to native-speakers.

Cenveo Publisher Services partnered with GVE to bring their vision of a transformative elearning solution to market. In just 6 months, GVE went from concept to operational product with Cenveo’s assembly of creative, editorial, technology, and instructional design teams.


To provide an engaging way for Chinese students in grades 1 through 9 to understand, read, write, listen to, and speak English, GVE and Cenveo Publisher Services created comprehensive curricula synced directly to the Chinese ESL classroom curricula. Each grade has two parts and each part has nine units, eight unit assessments, and four “Just for Fun” activities. The scope of the entire project is truly impressive with

  • 700+ animations
  • 324 interactive listening excercises
  • 324 speaking activities
  • 252 grammar, reading, and writing exercises
  • 72 “Just for Fun” activities
  • 144 unit assessments
  • 9 midterm exams
  • 9 final exams

There is an additional, 3-lesson short course designed to keep students engaged in their English studes over the summer and winter breaks. The short course content covers the less academic topics of travel, culture, and leisure-time activities.

With deep experience in full-service development for ESL, ELT, and World Language products, Cenveo gathered a team of writers and editors to support the project. Sample content was conceived, written, and sent to GVE for review. Simultaneously, instructional design and technology teams in Cenveo’s digital learning division prototyped and presented animations and interactives to bring the developed content to life.


Cenveo Publisher Services brought together a global team of subject matter experts, experienced writers, instructional designers, creatives, and technologists to work with GVE in support of its groundbreaking and comprehensive ESL program in China. Weekly classes are now provided using graphics and animation that make learning fun while following the Chinese school system’s educational approach.

Cenveo’s editorialand digital learning gurus created plot-oriented, character-based, storytelling instructional materials that are changing the way Chinese school children learn English and prepare for the English section of the Zhongkao exam. The pedagogical approach for online learning produced by GVE, provides an interactive technologic application that enhances listening and speaking skills and is already receiving industry accolades and media attention after just a few months on the market.

The Cenveo Publisher Services team really understands the needs of students and teachers involved with learning English as a second language. They understand language pedagogy and inserted it into the content they helped develop and produce!
— Kevin Wu, President and CEO, GVE Online Education

As We Like It: When Authors' Praise Our Work

Cenveo Publisher Services works with authors who specialize in elementary education, higher education, hard sciences, research, and more. Our subject matter experts and editorial teams consistently demonstrate deep understanding of the content they edit, manage, transform, and produce.

It's something very special when authors from a comprehensive English methods text laud one of our project managers:

"Your directions are clear and very helpful.  Though we had begun to realize there was to be an 'alternate text,' we stand amazed as we had no news of this until we began to read your copy edited chapters.  I am reassured, however, now knowing what the alternative might resemble and reading your excellent rewrite that will make those alternatives work seamlessly with our text.
We had discussed your personal background because we were finding your notes and your suggested edits so wonderfully 'right.'  We had thought you must have the same love of language and literature that we do.  I could fall into a happy dance right here in my little home office reading your words and discovering that indeed you do.  Here is a bit of Shakespeare from "As You Like It' that will not put you to sleep and that mirrors my joy and gratitude in reading your message this morning."

O wonderful, wonderful, and most wonderful wonderful! And yet again wonderful and after that, out of all hooping.
— As You Like It: Act 3, Scene 2

Resources for Publishers

When Books Are Your Business and Your Joy...

Digital Book World Conference and Expo Happens Next Week!

When books are your business and your joy, you recognize that bringing digital content to market enriches lives and shapes future generations. From March 7 to 9, publishing executives will gather in New York at the Digital Book World Conference and Expo. Will you be there?

Let's meet! Cenveo Publisher Services has a showcase of digital products we've completed for some of the world's leading publishers.

The ORCID Standard or Why My Journal Needs to Implement Another Metadata Standard

ORCID Adoption is Widespread

Early this year ORCID shared some impressive new metrics

  • nearly two million researchers have registered
  • more than 200 systems have integrated
  • research funders are requiring ORCID iDs at the grant application process

Three publishers have required ORCID iDs for their authors---eLife, PLOS, and The Royal Society. Even more publishers will make this a requirement in the coming months. All great news for the adoption of this important industry standard. As more connections are established between publishers, authors, funders, and service providers the scholarly industry as a whole benefits.

While the tipping point for widespread adoption and integration is nigh there are still many publishers in the planning stages or just unsure where to start. For those organizations, we thought it was time to provide a primer and reinforce the benefits for publishers to adopt the ORCID standard.


The ORCID (Open Researcher and Contributor Identifier) initiative provides the scholarly community with a dedicated digital identifier that consolidates professional activities, ensuring a comprehensive account of a researcher’s career is maintained and recognized in the publishing community.


Authors, researchers, grant writers, academics simply register online for an ORCID identification (ID) number. Once assigned, the unique ID provides a consistent and authenticated digital ID of professional activities:

  • a record of all publications
  • ongoing grant submissions and contributions
  • patents obtained and submitted
  • up-to-date affiliations
  • data sharing

The ORCID initiative also provides an open tool kit that allows for the easy transfer of ORCID IDs across modern STM publishing systems. When an author’s manuscript is published, the author’s personal record will be updated with the citation.  In other words, anyone registered with ORCID will have a constantly updated 'digital curriculum vitae.’

What are the Benefits to Publishers?

Universal Identification.  Using ORCID IDs in a publishing workflow allows publishing groups to easily track authors and contributors regardless of name changes or affiliation updates. A comprehensive list of an author’s publishing history provides conflict-of-interest insight during the peer-review process.

Validated Information. The system-to-system nature of the ORCID IDs generates a relationship of mutual trust and accountability while documenting real-time manuscript submissions and approval. Information is shared across manuscript submission systems and publication offices and automatically updated.

Improved Discoverability. ORCID IDs improve the quality of author citations, research works, and reviewer profiles by ensuring information is up to date and consolidated. ORCID provides a central registry that serves as a gateway for publishers and researchers, linking multiple datasets.

Here’s Where We Come in…

Cenveo Publisher Services ensures that publishers’ content is properly tagged to support ORCID IDs.  Capturing and validating the ORCID ID is maintained in Cenveo’s various workflows from article submission through publication. The Cadmus DTD v2.44 is updated to include an element linking back to the ORCID registry:

  <person-id type="orcid">http://orcid.org/0000-0002-1825-0097</person-id>

All scholarly publishers can implement ORCID IDs into a workflow and reap the benefits of a global registry. Want to learn how we can help? Just click here!



Learn More About ORCID iDs

MathML: A Sure Sine That X Have Δ'd

The MathML Standard and What it Means for Scholarly and Academic Publishers

Like other human languages, math uses agreed-upon symbols and syntax to represent abstractions, allowing one person to convey meaning to someone else. In the past, publishers have used carefully designed type reproductions of formulas to communicate mathematical concepts. While these were more difficult (and costly) than simple typesetting, they required no special technology to render math as ink on paper. 

However, with the advent of digital publishing, things changed. 

MathML originated in April 1998 by the W3C to provide a markup language for describing mathematical notations and capturing both its structure and content. As with other markup languages, MathML has undergone significant changes and the current version, MathML 3.0, was just finalized June 23, 2015. The latest version is increasingly used by publishers and service providers. It's an elegant solution that ensures math is rendered accurately.

But things get tricky online.

For scholarly and journal publishers, the day-to-day challenge is to render mathematical concepts as accurately on digital devices as they have done in print. Mozilla Firefox and Apple Safari are the only two browsers that officially support MathML. (Though truth be told, I experienced issues on Safari while researching this article.) Google Chrome recently dropped native MathML support, to the chagrin of the math community. But native browser support is not a show-stopper for publishing math online.

The fine folks at the American Mathematical Society and the Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics provide an open source JavaScript library, MathJax, to render MathML on multiple browsers. However the inherent complexity of juggling MathJax, browsers, mobile devices, end users, and the content itself, makes working with a service provider an obvious solution to the problem of proper math presentation.

We just published a white paper, "Publishing by the Numbers: The MathML Standard and What it Means for Scholarly and Academic Publishers." Download your copy today and learn more about

  • the considerations with presentation and content MathML
  • best practices publishers use today
  • mobile display issues that are critical to understand
  • and more



MathML White Paper- Publishing by the Numbers

Cenveo Publisher Services provides MathML to publishers

The Publisher's Office: Fast, Economical, Accurate

At Cenveo Publisher Services, we created The Publisher's Office based on 125+ years' experience with society and association publishers. The Publisher's Office provides full-service editorial and production management for journal publishers. By providing product, technology, and service combined with editorial and author/editor support, our mission is to promote organizations as recognized leaders in their publishing field.

Record-setting turnaround times are changing the expectations of society publishing programs, making it possible to go from Word manuscript to author proof in just 24 hours.

The Publisher's Office is also the central location of an R&D team of Publishing Workflow Analysts focused on creating innovative tools that allow publishers to be on the cutting edge of preparing and delivering dynamic content.

Download our guide, "Transformative Publishing Solutions," and learn more about the services we offer.


Download "Transformative Publishing Solutions" and learn more

Transformative Publishing Solutions for Journals

Thanks to you and your team for moving our special article through all stages so quickly. The topic discussed in the article made the news early this morning. With your help, we were able to post the article this afternoon.

The Authors Guild Versus Google - The New Year Edition

While many folks in publishing took some time off at the end of the year, the Authors Guild officially asked the Supreme Court to hear its case against Google. The Authors Guild filed a writ of certiorari with the Supreme Court on December 31, 2015 for its dispute with Google over "fair use." For 10 years, the two parties (and many observers of the case) have been arguing about what constitutes fair use.

Back in 2002, Google began digitizing 20 million books to create its massive database. In 2004, Google Books was launched. On September 20, 2005, the Authors Guild filed a class action lawsuit in the Southern District of New York against Google. The Authors Guild argued that Google's Library Project involved "massive copyright infringement" because it created digital copies of copyrighted works. While the parties were working on a settlement, it was rejected by a district court judge in 2011 who deemed it unfair to authors. The case went back to court and in October (2015), New York's 2nd Circuit Court of Appeals sided with Google and ruled the firm had acted legally when it scanned works.

Judge Pierre Leval ruled that Google Books operates under the umbrella of fair use, stating

Google’s unauthorized digitizing of copyright-protected works, creation of a search functionality, and display of snippets from those works are non-infringing fair uses. The purpose of the copying is highly transformative, the public display of text is limited, and the revelations do not provide a significant market substitute for the protected aspects of the originals. Google’s commercial nature and profit motivation do not justify denial of fair use. Google’s provision of digitized copies to the libraries that supplied the books, on the understanding that the libraries will use the copies in a manner consistent with the copyright law, also does not constitute infringement. Nor, on this record, is Google a contributory infringer.

The Authors Guild has rejected this ruling and is now seeking to bring this case to the Supreme Court.

As we watch the definitions of "copyright" and "fair use" battling it out in the court, we're interested in your opinion on this pivotal case.

The Digital Experience Platform for Publishers: Are You Experienced?

  • The iPhone App Store opened on July 10th, 2008.
  • The Amazon App store opened on March 22th, 2011.
  • Google Play launched on March 6th, 2012.



In a relatively short time, publishers had new and powerful distribution channels to target in addition to the established channels: print, website and industry-specific online hosting platforms. When apps came to market, a new vocabulary had to be understood by publishing staff, including those in management, editorial, product development, marketing, sales, and all the vendors that serve them. The nuance between the terms “mobile,” “digital,” “apps,” and the variety of features available is clearer now than it was a few years ago, but publishers still strive to deliver the experiences customers expect at a price point that’s profitable for them and reasonable to customers.

Successful publishers recognize that the next iteration of apps must provide a digital experience platform—a mobile platform that:

  • performs multiple business functions
  • serves up various content
  • monetizes content
  • measures success
  • delivers a great customer experience

(Read more on the Digital Book World Blog!)



NIMAS: Opportunities With XML-Based Accessibility Specifications for Publishers

Since the early nineteenth century invention of braille, the concept of making written content available to the blind or visually impaired has been a noble aspiration of civilized society. Making that concept a practical reality is another matter. Even as new, more automated, technologies arise, the challenges of accessibility remain formidable. For educational publishers, accessibility is particularly important. In the United States, schools receiving federal funding support are required to provide accessible content to any student or parent who requests it.

National Center for Accessible Educational Materials (AEM)

According to the National Center for Accessible Educational Materials (AEM), there are four major specialized output formats for adapting printed instructional material to the diverse needs of the visually impaired:

  1. braille
  2. large print
  3. audio
  4. digital text

While the first three are self-explanatory, "digital text" is a general category, encompassing any text and image descriptions that can be rendered by specialized or general-purpose digital devices. Each of these four output categories follow predictable rules and logic, there is a definable way to use a structured “master file” approach—creating the content once, and outputting as needed to as many formats as the market requires.

Let's Talk About Text

Of course when we talk about text, we must talk about structure. And when we talk about structure, we must talk about XML. In the context of accessibility, NIMAS is the XML-based specification that is the gateway (and the federal mandate) for K-12 and higher education content (i.e., textbooks and ancillaries). In a significant step forward for students with disabilities, the U.S. Congress adopted NIMAS as part of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act of 2004, a reauthorization of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act.

While some may view NIMAS as a costly regulatory barrier that must be overcome simply to maintain existing business, it is also possible to view NIMAS as providing an opportunity to assume a leadership position while retooling internal workflows to leverage the benefits of XML. Done right, these benefits include improved quality, enhanced flexibility, and increased speed to market.

Good vs Valid XML

Cenveo’s Senior Vice President of Content Solutions, Kevin Burns, reiterated the importance of creating “great” NIMAS compliant files instead of “good enough” files. “There is a distinction between a valid NIMAS compliant file and a great one,” he said. “You can have a NIMAS compliant file that is valid but doesn’t really achieve the spirit or the goal of what the content is supposed to be. What happens too often is that budgets demand, or conversion teams choose to do whatever is easiest (i.e., cheapest) instead of doing the right thing to create a good NIMAS compliant file.”

You can have a NIMAS compliant file that is valid but doesn’t really achieve the spirit or the goal of what the content is supposed to be. What happens too often is that budgets demand, or conversion teams choose to do whatever is easiest (i.e., cheapest) instead of doing the right thing to create a good NIMAS compliant file.

A common example is the long description for images—a NIMAS requirement for any visual element in a book. If the published caption or call-outs in the main text (words meant to enhance a sighted person’s understanding of an image) is simply copied and pasted into the long description field, it isn’t truly meaningful for someone visually impaired. Although this certainly saves on costs, and the resulting file will be NIMAS compliant because there is something in that field, but in some cases words could have little or no utility to someone who cannot see the image clearly, or at all.

Automation + Human Intervention = Quality

Yogesh Jedhe, Business Manager at Cenveo Publisher Services, outlines the basic process of creating NIMAS file sets---“The input is often a combination of Word files, hard copy, PDFs, application files, or XML—depending on the publisher.  We also receive existing metadata for the publication. Our teams leverage robust transformation technology tools to extract data from the source files, apply and edit XML as needed, and process and tag images. Finally, a team of content analysts at Cenveo spend time to make sure that the elements that require human judgment, like image descriptions, are created in a way that aligns with the true intent of the NIMAS standard. The team then uses tools to validate the resulting XML against the NIMAS schema, as well as against a series of business rules, which are designed to check the file beyond simple compliance with the NIMAS standard."

The team also works with subject matter experts to make sure that image description fields are populated with alternate text that truly help a visually impaired student. Other elements, such as math equations in MathML, are captured in such a way that they accurately and effectively convey information to the visually impaired.

NIMAS compliant files created by Jedhe’s group are rigorously tested and refined using a Cenveo-developed tool. However, the object is not simply to create technically valid files, but to ensure that the resulting content will communicate information to a visually impaired student as effectively as its core counterpart does to other students.


NIMAS White Paper

Read more by downloading our white paper on this topic. By the way, we made it accessible!

Best Use of the Term "Gobsmacked" in the Context of Scholarly Publishing

ALPSP (Association of Learned and Professional Scholarly Publishing) recently released a video with highlights from the 2015 conference. The ALPSP Award for Contribution to Scholarly Publishing was presented to Michael Jubb, the Director of Research Information Network. This award honors a scholar for his/her longstanding achievements and commitment towards or service to the scholarly publishing community. Jubb has had a distinguished career in research policy, funding, and administration and is regarded as one of the UK’s leading experts in scholarly communications.

A recap of the conference along with a listing of all the winners can be found on the ALPSP conference page located here.

Sacrificing Print for Digital Search | Harvard Law Library Launches "Free the Law"


Last week the Harvard Law School Library announced the launch of its "Free the Law" initiative, a massive project that involves digitizing approximately 40 million pages of court decisions from the Harvard Law Library to create a searchable repository. The Harvard librarians are scanning all the pages from its vast collection in order to create a searchable database of American case law. With the exception of the Library of Congress, no other collection contains nearly every state, federal, territorial and tribal judicial decision since colonial times! 

Recognizing the power of content digitization, once complete the library's content will be discovered and presented in ways simply not possible with the single dimension print provides.  The legal text will be searchable and results will be presented both graphically and text-based in a way that details relationships across statues and key decisions.

For more information and to see a video of this fascinating project, visit the Harvard Library Portal.


Driving this effort is a shared belief that the law should be free and open to all. Using technology to create broad access to legal information will help create a more transparent and more just legal system.
— Dean Martha Minow, Harvard Law School

LUNCH & LEARN > MathML: Workflow Tips From the Math Obsessed

Join us for lunch!


Our second Lunch & Learn is happening December 2. Industry thought leaders and publishing executives will discuss innovation, trends, and publishing solutions that they deem relevant. The goal is that everyone will leave with tangible take-aways to implement in their publishing programs.

You asked and we deliver our second lunch topic will discuss...


Lunch: December 2, 2015 | 12:30 pm to 2:00 pm ET
Location: Vermilion Restaurant, 1120 King Street, Alexandria, VA

Authors who write in LaTeX can be obsessed with the detailed layout and spacing of their equations and be unhappy when their TeX is converted and reformatted by the typesetting system's math engine. This has been a problem for 20+ years! In this Cenveo Publisher Services' Lunch & Learn Series, we'll hear from the math-obsessed and share workflow tips that have served them well in their publications.

Evan Owens, VP Publishing Technologies at Cenveo Publisher Services will lead the discussion with insight from you and other scholarly publishing executives. Debbie McClanahan, VP Publishing Services, will moderate the program.

This event is invitation-only and you are welcome to request more information by clicking the link below!